Special Guests: Cutting Class podcast
You load Sixteen Tons and what do you get?
Another day older and deeper in debt
St Peter, don’t you call me ’cause I can’t go
I owe my soul to the company store…
That song “Sixteen Tons” was a smash hit in 1955, selling half a million copies in a month. Why did a song with such depressing lyrics resonate with people, and what did it mean? My name’s…
Tennessee Ernie Ford was singing about a company town. A company town was a community built by a business owner, typically in the steel, lumber, and coal industries, to house his employees. It was also an exercise in microcosmic facism were told how they could live. In their height, 3% of the US population, many of the immigrants, lived in one of the 2,500 company towns across the US. Workers lived in company-owned housing, the cost of which was docked from their wages. Many companies also paid their workers in “scrip” – basically funny money that could only be redeemed at the company-owned store. The unions who fought to eventually eradicate this system saw it as a form of bondage, designed to keep workers trapped in poverty without enough money in their pockets to even think about starting over somewhere else.
The West Virginia Historical Society, whose sparsely-populated state saw had half a dozen company towns, wrote:
Pricing in the company stores was often higher than in surrounding non-company establishments. It is true that in the mining families, coal operators had captive purchasers for their goods. However, the availability of rail transportation, mail order products, and the proximity of other local merchants gave miners more choice than has been portrayed. The quality of company store goods was equal to that which could be bought in town. When the miner weighed the price of shipping his purchases from a mail order catalog or local merchant against the price of what could be purchased at the company store, very often, the store ended up being the better bargain… For the companies, scrip provided an easy way to pay the miners without the necessity of keeping large amounts of cash available. However, according to Crandall Shifflett in his study of coal towns in Southern Appalachia, there is no evidence that miners were ‘forced to draw their pay in scrip.’ On payday a miner could draw scrip or cash or both, the choice was his…
Miners drew scrip advances for many purposes. Should he run short and need food before the next payday, scrip credit was available. If a miner needed a piece of furniture and did not have the cash, scrip credit would take care of it. if a miner was sick or injured, companies would advance scrip pending receipt of his Workman’s Compensation checks. For the operators, this was a no lose situation. Companies had the ability to ‘virtually garnishee a worker’s wages to collect on a debt.’ It would appear that with the availability of such easy credit, most miners would in fact ‘owe their souls’ to the company stores. However, studies cited by Shifflett seem to indicate that miners used this option judiciously.
To give us an example of one of the nation’s most famous, and infamous, company town are the hosts of one of my drop-everything podcasts, Cutting Class, which you can follow on your podcast player or at cuttingclasspodcast.com.
The town featured more than 1,000 homes, public buildings and parks. Residences had yards, indoor plumbing, gas, and daily trash removal, rare amenities for industrial workers of that era. Pullman didn’t build his workers good houses to be kind to them. He thought the working class were barely better than animals and if he could surround them with good things, they would become more civilized. The houses couldn’t be purchased, only rented. Managers lived in single family homes, white workers of Pullman lived in rowhouses, and despite the Pullman company being one of the country’s largest employers of black Americans as sleeping car porters, no blacks were allowed to live in Pullman. Some white workers were allowed to live outside the city limits, but it would cost you your job security.
The city had a library, with books approved by George Pullman. A library card cost the equivalent of $100, so few people used it. It was the same with The Arcade, an impressive shopping center with a 1,000-seat theater, a barbershop, doctor’s offices, a U.S. post office, and a bank, along with its numerous overpriced shops and restaurants. A banner across the promenade boasted “the lowest prices in Chicago.” This was, of course, bullshit. Pullman also forbade alcohol in the town, except at the Hotel Florence, where industrialists and celebrities were entertained and the average worker was not welcome. Pullman would know if you were drinking in the privacy of your own, rented home because he had spies watching the employees.
After the stock market crash of 1893, Pullman cut jobs and wages, but he didn’t cut the rent or the various taxes his workers were forced to pay. Since these were automatically deducted from the worker’s wages, people began receiving paychecks for literally pennies. One man had worked as a mechanic for ten hours a day for twelve days and earned $9.07; his rent on the same two-week period was $9.00, leaving him with $.07, one hour’s reduced wage with which to try to buy food in over-priced stores. Needless to say, a system like that was unsustainable, but Pullman’s greed was steadfast. Joining a union was illegal in Pullman, but 4,000 workers went on strike anyway in May 1894, what’s called a wildcat strike. Eugene Debs of the American Railway Union, stepped in to lead them. The company refused to recognize and bargain with the ARU, so Debs called upon workers all across the country to stage a boycott of Pullman railroad cars. Around the country, hundreds of thousands of working-class people wore white ribbons to show their support for the strike. Meanwhile, at Debs’s command, railroad switchmen across the nation refused to hitch and unhitch Pullman cars at work, costing the company an enormous amount of money. Within weeks, 250,000 workers around the country were striking. Pullman hired thugs to bust striking workers’ heads, but those who lived in the company town felt they had nothing else to lose.
Contrary to what we might expect these days, the clergy of Chicago by and large denounced the strike. Pullman’s Reverend E. Christian Oggel declared that all strikes violated the Golden Rule and added, “If a man thinks he can better himself elsewhere, there is no law compelling him to stay here.” There was one notable exception, a Reverend Carwardine, who served a congregation that was too poor to have its own church. In a fiery sermon in May 1894, he didn’t hold back in his opinion on George Pullman. “When he reduced wages to the point of starvation, why did he not reduce the rents and water taxes? When he was reducing salaries, why did he not reduce his own salary and the salaries of the higher officials, the town authorities, and the straw bosses? Why did Mr. Pullman when a woman’s union, which was not called a relief committee for fear of hurting Mr. Pullman’s feelings, approached him did he refuse to contribute a dollar and also send a communication to the press denying there was any destitution in Pullman? Why did he extort such exorbitant rent from the churches? Why did he not establish an emergency hospital, which is so badly needed?”
Deb promised that if Pullman recognized the union and negotiated with them , the strike would end. Instead, Pullman asked for, and actually got, government assistance to break up the strike– 6,000 state and federal troops, 3,100 police officers, and 5,000 deputy marshals. The troops used bayonets, then moved on to live ammo. The unarmed strikers fought back, however. when trains carrying soldiers came to town, the strikers stopped them dead in their tracks and rocked the train cars back and forth to overturn them. More than a dozen people were killed in the clashes. Though sympathy strikes were called in other cities, the American Federation of Labor refused to call an official general strike and the Pullman strike was quashed. Workers who had striked were fired and those who remained were paid the same low wages and charged the same high rent. When the railway car magnate died in 1897, his coffin was buried under layers of concrete and steel so no one could desecrate his body. The following year, the Illinois Supreme Court ordered the Pullman Co. to sell all its non-industrial property, allowing workers to buy their homes. The neighborhood was annexed to Chicago, but went into decline over the years and the factory closed in 1957. There have been plans made throughout the years to demolish Pullman, Illinois, but protests from residents have always stopped it from going forward.
Company town life can even lead to unrest in the places where life is supposed to be the most sweet. In 1900, Milton Snavely Hershey sold the successful caramel candy business he’d founded in order to become a pioneer in the mass-production of milk chocolate. He built a factory complex in rural Derry township Pennsylvania, in part to be close to local dairy farms for the milk needed for his products. With the remote location of the factory, Hershey also built a town for his employees. Like Pullman, Hershey was creating a model town, or a tow intended to act as a shining example of civilized life, based on the CEO’s beliefs of course. Workers could rent or own a home on Cocoa avenue, take the trolley to schools, social clubs, or the amusement park and zoo. Unlike Pullman, Hershey established a boarding school for orphaned boys started public works projects to keep people employed during the Great Depression, building a hotel, sports arena and other buildings. Many of the workers were former farmers and the standard of living in Hershey, with indoor plumbing, central heating, lawn maintenance and other amenities, was alluring.
That’s not to say things have always been as smooth as properly-tempered chocolate.Despite Hershey’s altruism, life in “the sweetest place on Earth” had a bitter side. The Hershey company tried to police their employees’ behavior when they were off the clock, and there were accusations of unfair hiring practices and disparate wages. These conditions made employees receptive to the efforts of organizers from the Congress of Industrial Organization. In 1937, Hershey chocolate factory workers organized the company’s first labor union and went on strike.
Not everyone backed the workers. Great resistance came from thousands of dairy farmers in surrounding areas who relied on selling their milk to the Hershey factory. They were losing 800,000 pounds of milk per day—enough to supply a city of a million people. The farmers tried to negotiate directly with the strikers. The strikers agreed to operate the creamery so the milk could be processed, but no trucks were sent out to gather the milk the next day. After five days, more than three thousand Hershey supporters rallied to remove the strikers. Things started well, but insults from the strikers inside soon saw men charging into the factory with billy clubs and hammers. Dozens were injured. Although the strike was short-lived, it marred the community’s idyllic image. Though Hershey the man died in 1945, Hershey the town survived and chocolate is still made there today. You can actually smell it from the highway.
Bonus fact: The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center is the site of Pennsylvania State University’s College of Medicine. The Pennsylvania State Police Academy is also located in Hershey.
In the 1920s, cars were a booming industry and no one benefited more from that than Henry Ford, a man whose name was as synonymous with success through innovation as Steve Jobs is today. Or as synonymous with success through shady behavior as Mark Zuckerberg. Ford revolutionized car manufacturing with the assembly line, but he was equally proud of the personal side of industry, paying his employees well and treating them better than other companies. The Model T was the best-selling car by a wide margin, so much so that it’s still the 8th best-selling of all time, which meant that the Ford company needed a lot of rubber to make tires. Rubber manufacturers in East Asia held a virtual monopoly over the rubber trees, which drove up the price of raw materials. Ford decided to cut out the middle-man and start his own rubber plantation, the world’s largest, in the middle of the Amazon forest, complete with workforce. The location was the rubber trees’ natural habitat, but farming them couldn’t be standardised and if you tried to maximize your yield by planting more trees, their closeness made them susceptible to blight and parasites. East Asia monopoly began to crumble when enterprising, and sneaky, botanists started planting rubber trees in other tropical places without rubber tree natural parasites. The British began growing rubber in Sri Lanka, producing rubber that was superior to, and outsold, Brazil’s. The economy of the Amazon basin, which was largely based on rubber, was devastated.
Enter a rich American wanting to buy land. Ford’s company town got off to a bad start when he massively overpaid for the 5600 sq mi/14,500 sq km of land around the Tapajos river, a tributary of the Amazon. Prudent fears of river-flooding saw them choose a main building site at a higher elevation, but that meant that cargo ships couldn’t reach that far inland except during the rainy season. Bad enough when you’re moving equipment, worse when you’re trying to bring in food. And then there was the malaria. Fordlandia would eventually have a power plant, hospital, library, golf course, and hotel, as well as small shops and restaurants once it got established. Workers would be held to a mandatory “healthy lifestyle.” This included attending poetry readings, square dances, English-language-only singalongs, and of course, no booze. Construction began in 1928 in a segregated community, Vila Americana white clapboard houses with indoor plumbing for the American workers, while the native workers got *other housing. What workers there were. Even with Ford’s famously-high wages, it was difficult to find people willing to clear the Amazon jungle.
After going through several managers in the first few years, by 1930, it seemed like Fordlandia might actually work, until an argument between a brick mason and a supervisor in the workers’ cafe, in which skilled workers were separated from manual labourers, spilled into the streets and gathered a crowd. A full-scale riot broke out, with laborers, vandalising the city, destroying generators, and over-turning vehicles in the street. Fordlandia’s managerial staff fled by ship until the violence died down three days later. Even without the expense of riot damage to many buildings and pieces of equipment in the town, Fordlandia was still producing very little for all the millions that Ford was pouring into it. His plan had been to sell the lumber of the trees they were clearing as a revenue stream until rubber trees could grow, but the wood was unsaleable. Many of the rubber trees that were planted died immediately and many of the rest were hit with Blight. Fordlandia’s manager hired an expert botanist, who made extravagant demands, then walked off the job without telling anyone. In 1933, Ford purchased a new plot of land downriver and called it Belterra. It went about as well, financially, only producing 750 tons of rubber where Ford had projected for 38,000 tons.
Despite having outlived all realistic economic hope, Fordlandia and Belterra clung on for nearly a decade. As Ford’s car manufacturing operation became increasingly involved in the second world war effort, his holdings in Brazil filled with American military personnel. By the time the war ended, Henry Ford was in poor health, and grandson Henry Ford II took over the company. One of his first acts was to cut underperforming assets, chiefly the rubber plantations. Ford II sold the Tapajos basin land back to Brazil for a fraction of what his grandfather had originally over-paid. Once news of the land sale reached Fordlandia, the American workers made a swift exit for home. The Brazilian workers were left without jobs and the machinery was left to rust in the jungle heat. Ford motor company got out of the rubber industry in 1945 after losing over $20 million in the Amazon (over $285 million in today’s dollars).
And that’s where we run out… You can visit Fordlandia to this day and not just to ogle the ruins overly-ambitious industry. After the population languished at under 100 for several decades, it has grown to about 3,000 people in recent years. In addition to articles and documentaries on Fordlandia, Icelandic minimalist composer Johann Johannsson released an entire album based on this company town, which is easy to find on YouTube by searching Fordlandia, as I discovered when I was trying to do research the lazy way. Thanks…
What does I sold my soul to the company store mean? ›
“I owe my soul to the company store” came from his dad. It refers to the exploitative system on the mines in which workers were paid in credit coupons rather than cash, which could only be exchanged for over priced goods at the mining company's shop. Travis later recounted that his dad “never saw real money.What does I owe my soul mean? ›
This and the line "I owe my soul to the company store" are a reference to the truck system and to debt bondage. Under this scrip system, workers were not paid cash; rather they were paid with non-transferable credit vouchers that could be exchanged only for goods sold at the company store.Is 16 tons a communist song? ›
Instead of Communism, the song's portrayal of coal miners making low wages, working long hours and trying to get out of debt is ultimately what resonated with people across the world.What is the word for selling your soul? ›
synonyms for sell one's soul
Compare Synonyms. betray. double-cross. play false. rat.
: to accept money in exchange for sex.What does the Bible say about gain the world lose your soul? ›
Mark. 8 Verses 34 to 38
 For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?  Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
And, remember how he's been faithful to answer your prayers in the past; to make you like his Son even when the answer was no; and not to waste a thing, from the smallest to the hardest of trials. Remember God's faithfulness, and you too will be able to say, “It is well with my soul.”What shall a man give in exchange for his soul? ›
We are to give up all our sins, big or small, for the Father's reward of eternal life. The Savior once asked His disciples the following question: “What shall a man give in exchange for his soul?”What is the hardest song to sing on earth? ›
- I Believe In A Thing Called Love by The Darkness.
- Listen by Beyoncé
- Run by Leona Lewis.
- Cry Me a River by Michael Bublé
- Bohemian Rhapsody by Queen.
- My All by Mariah Carey.
- You raise me up by Josh Groban.
- Supermassive Black Hole by Muse.
- “Strange Fruit” by Billie Holiday. ...
- “We Shall Overcome” ...
- “War” by Edwin Starr. ...
- “Mississippi Goddam” by Nina Simone. ...
- “The Times They Are a-Changin” by Bob Dylan. ...
- “Get Up, Stand Up” by Bob Marley. ...
- “Give Peace a Chance” by Plastic Ono Band. ...
- “Sunday Bloody Sunday” by U2.
Why did the USSR ban music? ›
As the Cold War picked up in the years after World War II, the Soviet Union clamped down on any music or art coming out of the West that officials deemed decadent or culturally corruptive.What weighs 16 ton? ›
16 tons is 32,000 pounds.What is the significance of 16 tons? ›
“Sixteen Tons” is a popular song about the hardships faced by coal miners that was first written and recorded by Merle Travis in 1946, and then subsequently performed by many others, including Tennessee Ernie Ford, The Weavers, and Johnny Cash (accompanying video).What does loading 16 tons mean? ›
According to Archie Green, author of Only A Miner: Studies in Recorded Coal-Mining Songs, the title refers to an old practice of initiating new miners by having them haul 16 tons, compared to the typical 8 to 10, on their first day.What is the worth of souls? ›
The crowning work and glory of God is, therefore, as he has said, to bring to pass the eternal life of man. Such is the worth of a soul.What is it called when you sell yourself? ›
To boast or show off. boast. show off. brag.How can I sell without selling my soul? ›
- Solve a meaningful problem. This is the most important thing – and the one that's left out of most books and courses on selling. ...
- Look and listen. ...
- Ask questions. ...
- Benefits, not features. ...
- Price yourself into the market. ...
- Every sale is political. ...
- Make an offer.
As with other commodities, prices for bodies and body parts fluctuate with market conditions. Generally, a broker can sell a donated human body for about $3,000 to $5,000, though prices sometimes top $10,000. But a broker will typically divide a cadaver into six parts to meet customer needs.Is it OK to sell your body? ›
The National Organ Transplant Act, which was passed in 1984, makes it illegal to sell or buy human organs and tissues in the United States. Selling organs and tissues is a crime and violators are subject to fines and imprisonment.What is it called when a girl sells her body? ›
a person who willingly uses his or her talent or ability in a base and unworthy way, usually for money. verb (used with object), pros·ti·tut·ed, pros·ti·tut·ing. to sell or offer (oneself) as a prostitute.
How does God restore my soul? ›
God restores your soul by leading you to Jesus Christ, and that is what He was doing through the ministry of Isaiah 700 years before the birth of Jesus, and that is what he wants to do in your life today.What does God say about the human soul? ›
According to Genesis 2:7 God did not make a body and put a soul into it like a letter into an envelope of dust; rather he formed man's body from the dust, then, by breathing divine breath into it, he made the body of dust live, i.e. the dust did not embody a soul, but it became a soul – a whole creature.What God says about losing people? ›
There will be no more death' or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.” The LORD is close to the brokenhearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit. He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds. “Do not let your hearts be troubled.Is our soul a part of God? ›
All souls living and dead will be judged by Jesus Christ when he comes back to earth. The Catholic Church teaches that the existence of each individual soul is dependent wholly upon God: "The doctrine of the faith affirms that the spiritual and immortal soul is created immediately by God."Is your soul in your heart? ›
Aristotle imagined the soul as in part, within the human body and in part a corporeal imagination. In Aristotle's treatise On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration, Aristotle explicitly states that while the soul has a corporeal form, there is a physical area of the soul in the human body, the heart.Does God tell us to take care of our bodies? ›
Our bodies are so important that the Lord calls them temples of God (see 1 Corinthians 3:16–17; 6:19–20). Our bodies are holy. Because our bodies are important, our Father in Heaven wants us to take good care of them. He knows that we can be happier, better people if we are healthy.What is the most precious gift God has given to man? ›
God's most precious gift is Jesus.What are the 3 God given gifts? ›
Others categorize them into "gifts of knowledge" (word of wisdom, word of knowledge, distinguishing between spirits), "gifts of speech" (tongues, interpretation, prophecy), and "gifts of power" (faith, healing, miracles).What is the rarest singing voice? ›
A countertenor is a male singer who can sing as high as a soprano or mezzo-soprano. The countertenor is the rarest of all voice types.What is the #1 hardest song to sing? ›
1. BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY by Queen. Sing karaoke version of Bohemian Rhapsody here. This is a legendary karaoke song.
Who is considered the best female vocalist of all time? ›
1: Aretha Franklin
Topping our list of the best female singers of all time, Aretha Franklin also stands as the most-charting female singer in history. Starting out in the gospel choir at her Baptist church, in Detroit, Franklin began her career as a recording artist in 1960, aged just 18.
|Rank||Song||Streams (In Millions)|
|1||"Shape of You"||2,500|
- Smells Like Teen Spirit - Nirvana (1991)
- Imagine - John Lennon (1971)
- One - U2 (1992)
- Billie Jean - Michael Jackson (1982)
- Bohemian Rhapsody - Queen (1975)
- Hey Jude - The Beatles (1968)
- Like A Rolling Stone - Bob Dylan (1967)
- I Can't Get No Satisfaction - Rolling Stones (1965)
However, during the Cold War, jazz is still banned in some Eastern European countries for being subversive and decadent. Well into the 1980s, the underground clubs where it is performed in these countries provide meeting places for political dissidents.What music did Stalin listen to? ›
One evening in 1944, Stalin was listening to the radio when he heard Yudina playing Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 23. The leader liked it so much that he immediately demanded a copy of the performance. Unfortunately for the radio station, it had been a live broadcast and there was no recording.Did the USSR ban the Beatles? ›
The Beatles were never invited to play in Soviet Russia, and their albums were considered a threat - banned long after the likes of The Rolling Stones had records released behind The Iron Curtain.Does 2000 pounds equal 1 ton? ›
REMEMBER: 2,000 POUNDS EQUALS 1 TON. WHATEVER YOU HAVE REPORTED IN POUNDS SIMPLY DIVIDE BY 2,000 TO GET YOUR TONS.Does 1000 pounds equal 1 ton? ›
The most basic answer to the question of how many pounds in a ton? There are 2000 pounds in a ton.What weighs 1 million tons? ›
The Troll A, an offshore natural gas drilling platform off the west coast of Norway, weighs an astonishing 1.2 million tons (1.1 million metric tons) and stands 1,548 feet (471.8 meters) tall, which makes it both the heaviest and the tallest thing that people have transported from one spot to another [sources: Statoil] ...
What does I owe my soul to the company store mean? ›
This and the line "I owe my soul to the company store" are a reference to the truck system and to debt bondage.What is number nine coal? ›
9 Coal Mine and Museum is a museum and coal mine in Lansford, Pennsylvania that has the distinction of being the world's oldest continuously operated anthracite coal mine.How many pounds is a full ton? ›
ton, unit of weight in the avoirdupois system equal to 2,000 pounds (907.18 kg) in the United States (the short ton) and 2,240 pounds (1,016.05 kg) in Britain (the long ton). The metric ton used in most other countries is 1,000 kg, equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds avoirdupois.What year was 16 tons popular? ›
It was also on October 17, this time in 1955, that one of Ford's most important and well-known songs was released: “Sixteen Tons.” Born Ernest Jennings Ford in Bristol, Tennessee, on February 13, 1919, Ford would become a local legend and a national treasure.What is the meaning of company store? ›
noun. : a retail store associated with and usually owned and operated by an industrial company: : a store usually extending limited amounts of credit from which employees of a company may and are sometimes required to buy their groceries and other merchandise.What is the soul of a company? ›
A company's soul is the feeling that stays with customers after engaging your product or team.What does it mean when someone is giving you the business? ›
(idiomatic, dated) To treat someone harshly or in a wrongful manner, such as by abusing, deceiving, or manipulating.What does working for the company store mean? ›
A company store is a retail store selling a limited range of food, clothing and daily necessities to employees of a company. It is typical of a company town in a remote area where virtually everyone is employed by one firm, such as a coal mine.What are the four types of stores? ›
- Department Stores. This type of retail outlet is one of the most complex types of establishments that offer a wide range of products. ...
- Specialty Stores. ...
- Supermarkets. ...
- Convenience Stores. ...
- Discount Stores. ...
- Hypermarkets or Super Stores. ...
- Warehouse Stores. ...
- E-Commerce Stores.
1. : something that is stored or kept for future use. stores plural : articles (as of food) accumulated for some specific object and drawn upon as needed : stock, supplies. : something that is accumulated. d.
What do you mean by company answer? ›
A company is a legal entity formed by a group of individuals to engage in and operate a business—commercial or industrial—enterprise. A company may be organized in various ways for tax and financial liability purposes depending on the corporate law of its jurisdiction.What makes you valuable to a company? ›
What makes a valuable employee? Valuable employees are dedicated individuals who use their skills and attitude to improve their performance and positively influence their work environment.How do you honor God in business? ›
We can also honor God with our businesses by giving away a portion of our profits. You can commit to giving a portion of your profits to a non-profit organization. You could sow into other businesses. You could tithe from your profits.Who is the most powerful person in a company? ›
In general, the chief executive officer (CEO) is considered the highest-ranking officer in a company, while the president is second in charge; however, in corporate governance and structure, several permutations can take shape, so the roles of both CEO and president may be different depending on the company.At what point do you give up on a business? ›
- Your dreams have stopped. Remember back when you were so excited about your business? ...
- Your body never lies. ...
- Fahgettaboutit. ...
- The money just isn't there. ...
- You don't like your customers. ...
- Complaints are up. ...
- Sloth syndrome.
Definitions of quidnunc. a person who meddles in the affairs of others. synonyms: busybody, nosey-parker, nosy-parker.Why you should not give up in business? ›
You don't want to be viewed as a coward
It takes a process to build a great product, and often times that process could be demanding. When one quits, it tends to suggest the lack of wherewithal on the part of the entrepreneur, to have gone through the process in the first place.
- Express your personal passion for the employer's product/service/mission.
- Explain why you would enjoy the responsibilities of the role.
- Describe how you can see yourself succeeding in the role, given your skills and experience.
“I see this opportunity as a way to contribute to an exciting/forward-thinking/fast-moving company/industry, and I feel I can do so by/with my …” “I feel my skills are particularly well-suited to this position because …” “I believe I have the type of knowledge to succeed in this role and at the company because …”What are store workers called? ›
They are sometimes called sales clerks, retail clerks, or salespeople. There are more than 4.6 million retail salespersons employed in the United States.